It is not possible to distinguish the history of Uchisar from the history of Cappadocia like geology. Like Cappadocia, Uchisar has a special and important place.
Cappadocia, one of the few important regions of Ancient Anatolia, is located in the middle of the Anatolian Peninsula, today the whole of Kırsehir, Nevsehir, Aksaray, Nigde, Kayseri and Malatya, East of Ankara, south of Yozgat and Sivas and Adana northern sections.
For the first time in the name of Kappadokia, which has no ethnic significance, VI. In the late 19th century, Dareios of Persia (522-486 BC) was found in the form of "Katpatuka" in the inscription of the countries which were excavated from the Behistun cliffs and were connected to the empire. This word is supposed to mean "Tukha" or "Dukha Country" or "Country of Beautiful Horses" in Persian. The large Kappadokia (Megale Kappadokia) Region occupies a large part of the Inner Anatolia, with the Tuz Gölü in the west and the Euphrates in the east and the Taurus Mountains in the south, taking the south of Kızılırmak in the north. B.C. 18. - M.S. The Hittite civilization, which ruled during the 7th century, is a civilization deeply influenced by the Cappadocia region. The roots of the beauties seen in the region extend to the Hittites.
B.C. IV. Spreading over an area of approximately 130,000 square meters after the middle of the century, the region lies above the main commercial and military roads leading from the Anatolian Peninsula to various directions. The Persian King's Road from Sardeis to Sousa was also passing through this area. This famous transportation system that came from Western Anatolia and reached the Euphrates from Ikonion (Konya), Garsaura (Aksaray), Mazaka (Kayseri), Komana (Shar) and Melitene (Malatya) then crossed the Taurus Mountains and descended towards Mesopotamia . B.C. IV- In the first centuries, Kappadokia took the form of a kingdom whose capital is today Kayseri (Mazaka or Kaeseria). A.D. At 17, Kappadokia became a province under the rule of the Roman Empire. In the Byzantine period, Christian priests and monks enlarged these old hollows and built retirement cells, churches and monasteries. Apart from religious buildings, settlement centers were also established during these periods. The most beautiful example of these rocky carved villages is Uçhisar Castle and its surroundings. These structures, which are connected to each other, were mostly used for asylum and defense purposes at that time.
Cappadocia region became an important center for Turks who passed Anatolia in large masses in the 11th century because they preferred to settle in old settlements. Especially in Uchisar, Seljuk, Beyliks and Ottoman Period, it was used as a defense and defense center. In this period, a "population of extremists" was living in a dense population in Uçhisar. It is known that Kayseri Bey's brother Uçhisar Bey was in the same period. The Ottoman Empire II. After the domination of the region in 1398 together with Beyazit Uçhisar II. It is known that it was delivered to Beyazıt. It was determined that approximately 3000 people lived in Uçhisar during the first population census made in 1530. It lived in and around until the 1960s.
16th century. da Uçhisar was the town center where the current provincial center of Nevşehir and the district center of Gulsehir, including 34 villages and 19 tombs, were connected. 17th and 18th centuries. Damat İbrahim Pasha of the Ottoman Grand Vizier made investments in Muskara connected to Uchisar and made it a productive land and changed its name to Nevsehir. Nowadays, Uchisar is one of the most popular districts of Nevsehir and Cappadocia Region.